Desempenho das instituições de ensino superior em Ranking Universitário sob a ótica da Visão Baseada em Recursos

Lucas Daniel Ramos Ribeiro, Nairana Radtke Caneppele, José Eduardo Storopoli, Reinaldo Mendes de Assis

Resumo


Resumo

Objetivo:  Este artigo tem como objetivo avaliar a associação de características das Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES) e seu desempenho em rankings universitários.

Teorias:  Visão Baseada em Recursos (VBR)

Método:  Utilizamos dados secundários do Ministério da Educação das universidades do Ranking Universitário Folha (RUF) de 2016. Devido ao grande número de variáveis, empregamos uma regressão múltipla linear cuja variável dependente é o desempenho no ranking.

Resultados:  Identificamos que o maior desempenho das IES está relacionado com qualidade do corpo docente, que existe uma associação positiva entre vocação de pesquisa e desempenho e que existe efeitos positivos da quantidade de cursos de mestrado e doutorado e desempenho. Portanto, há dois fatores que estão associados significativamente e de maneira positiva à nota RUF: Stricto Sensu e titulação do corpo docente.

Contribuições teóricas/ metodológicas:  As Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES) podem obter vantagem competitiva sustentável por meio de seus recursos, os quais, possibilitam conceber ou implementar estratégias. No caso das IES, esses recursos podem ser expressos como capacidades empregadas em aprendizado coletivo, pesquisas, cursos e qualificação do corpo docente, podendo também configurá-los com o intuito de adaptação às exigências de um ambiente turbulento.

Contribuições gerenciais/ sociais:  Destacamos que tanto a vocação de pesquisa quanto a quantidade de cursos de mestrado e doutorado e qualificação do corpo docente são importantes para o desempenho de uma universidade.

Palavras-chave:  Instituições de ensino superior, ranking universitário, visão baseada em recursos, desempenho, regressão multivariada.

 

Abstract

Purpose:  This article aims to evaluate the association of characteristics of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and their performance in university rankings.

Theories:  Resource-Based View (VBR)

Method:  We used secondary data from the Ministry of Education of the universities in the 2016 Folha University Ranking (RUF). Due to a large number of variables, we used a multiple linear regression whose dependent variable is the performance in the ranking.

Results:  We identified that the higher performance of HEIs is related to the quality of the faculty, that there is a positive association between research vocation and performance, and that there are positive effects on the number of masters and doctoral courses and performance. Therefore, there are two factors that are significantly and positively associated with the RUF grade: Stricto Sensu and faculty titles.

Theoretical/ Methodological contributions:  Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) can obtain sustainable competitive advantage through their resources, which make it possible to design or implement strategies. In the case of HEIs, these resources can be expressed as capacities used in collective learning, research, courses, and faculty qualification, and they can also be configured with the aim of adapting to the requirements of a turbulent environment.

Social/ Management contributions:  We emphasize that both the research vocation and the number of master's and doctoral courses and faculty qualifications are important for the performance of a university.

Keywords:  Higher education institutions, university ranking, resource-based view, performance, multivariate regression.


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